The scientific dating of the Ramayana and the vedas

The scientific dating of the Ramayana and the vedas

On 14 March , Dr. As we do not have art objects or archaeological evidence, scholars have used philology to understand the language and the people of the Vedic times. He pointed out that the study of texts and their language and what it represents should be made clear. The geographic region described in the Vedas can be broadly surmised by the description of rivers given, to be between Kabul and Delhi of present day South Asia. Witzel gave a broad overview of the four Vedas. The Rig Veda is comprised of hymns that are addressed to the deities. It reveals a pastoral, semi-nomadic community, moving around with cattle. The other Vedas include: Sama Veda, essentially the same hymns of the Rig Veda, except sung in a complex manner; the Yajur Veda which were sacrificial mantras, and the Atharva Veda which included sorcery, speculative hymns and domestic rites, many of which continue to be used. The Vedic texts also reveal that there were three classes of people to which the Shudras were added which later became more rigid as castes.

Origin and Dating of the ancient Vedas

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Astronomical Dating of the Vedas, and the Mahabharata. Author: Deep1 (). Date: August 31, AM. A longish post, but it may well be worth your time.

Considered as the earliest literary records of Sanskrit Literature , the Vedas compiled by Rishi Vyasa are believed to be the oldest holy books in Hinduism Sanatana Dharma. The Vedas are the large body of vast knowledge and text; the religious and spiritual teachings of which encompasses all aspects of life. However, no definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas as the generational descend of the texts in Vedic periods was by literary oral tradition, which was then a precise and elaborate technique.

The first of the written Vedas date to 1st millennium BCE, though the surviving ones now date only to somewhere in between 11th and 14th century mostly due to the ephemeral nature of the manuscript materials; the birch barks or palm leaves. The tales tell humans did not compose the revered compositions of the Vedas, but the knowledge was discovered by intense meditation and sadhana Yogic practice by ancient sages, who then handed them down through generations by word of mouth.

Some schools of thought even assert that the Vedas as of eternal creation, mainly in the Mimasa tradition.

Trying to Put a Date on the Vedas

This exchange between His Divine Grace A. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada and a British student took place during an early-morning walk in London in Srila Prabhupada: The message of Krishna consciousness comes from the spiritual world. It is not of this material world. Therefore sometimes people may misunderstand it.

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Student learning the Vedas The main Hindu texts are the Vedas and their supplements books based on the Vedas. These scriptures do not mention the word ‘Hindu’ but many scriptures discuss dharma, which can be rendered as ‘code of conduct’, ‘law’, or ‘duty’ Hindus believe that the Vedas texts were received by scholars direct from God and passed on to the next generations by word of mouth.

They are considered divine revelation or sruti “that which has been heard” as opposed to texts of human origin, smrti “that which is remembered”. Brahmin priests methodically memorized the content of the Vedas to ensure their consistent transmission to subsequent generations. The Vedas also provide early records of astronomy and mathematics in India that came out of Vedic ritual and temple construction. The Vedas are the most ancient religious texts which define truth for Hindus.

They got their present form between B. Hindus believe that the texts were received by scholars direct from God and passed on to the next generations by word of mouth.

Stances of Faiths on LGBTQ Issues: Hinduism

They are the oldest scriptural texts of Hinduism. Philosophies and sects that developed in the Indian subcontinent have taken differing positions on the Vedas. Two other Indian philosophies, Buddhism and Jainism , did not accept the authority of the Vedas and evolved into separate religions.

No definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas, but the period of about – bce is acceptable to most scholars. The hymns formed a.

If Vedas are understood in the sense of knowledge, then Vedas are eternal. There is no creation without the knowledge and thus knowledge can be understood to be co-existent with knowledge. If we move away from this generic definition of Vedas and ask this question for the specific Samhitas, we may able to talk of specific time periods based on the content of these Samhitas.

For the sake of this short note on the dating of Vedas and Upanishads, we will keep dating of Atharva-Veda out of the scope, since that may require longer discussion. The content of Yajurveda is essentially derived from Rigveda, albeit with some modifications, with the execution of Yajna in mind. The content of Samaveda is also derived from Rigveda, again with some modifications, as the Sukta or specific Rik are set to the music. In effect the dating of Rigveda, Yajurveda and Samaveda refers to dating of the Rigveda.

Rigveda does contain astronomy evidence however it is anything but straightforward and its interpretation followed by objective testing would require dedicated efforts.

Hinduism/The Vedas

Vedas are the true source of knowledge whether it is about Universe creation, Earth Creation, Human creation and evolution. But the kind of information Vedas possesses, unfortunately, people do not debate on them as much as they do about the construction of Vedas and how Vedas reached to the ancient humans. Due to the incomplete and wrong understanding of Vedas, the construction period has not yet been defined precisely.

But still, some scholars try dating the Rig Veda and these dates has precise logic behind putting the dates. Here are a few construction dates which have been done by scholars around the world and India.

While its earliest parts are believed to.

The Rigveda is the oldest known Vedic Sanskrit text. The text is layered consisting of the Samhita , Brahmanas , Aranyakas and Upanishads. In the eight books — Books 2 through 9 — that were composed the earliest, the hymns predominantly discuss cosmology and praise deities. Some of its verses continue to be recited during Hindu rites of passage celebrations such as weddings and prayers, making it probably the world’s oldest religious text in continued use. According to Jamison and Brereton, in their translation of the Rigveda , the dating of this text “has been and is likely to remain a matter of contention and reconsideration”.

The dating proposals so far are all inferred from the style and the content within the hymns themselves. The Rigveda’s core is accepted to date to the late Bronze Age , making it one of the few examples with an unbroken tradition. Its composition is usually dated to roughly between c. By the period of Puranic Hinduism , in the medieval period, the language of the hymns had become “almost entirely unintelligible”, and their interpretation mostly hinged on mystical ideas and sound symbolism.

According to the Puranic tradition, Ved Vyasa compiled all the four Vedas, along with the Mahabharata and the Puranas. Vyasa then taught the Rigveda samhita to Paila, who started the oral tradition. Yaska was an early commentator of the Rigveda by discussing the meanings of difficult words. Rigveda, in contemporary Hinduism, has been a reminder of the ancient cultural heritage and point of pride for Hindus, with some hymns still in use in major rites of passage ceremonies, but the literal acceptance of most of the textual essence is long gone.

According to Axel Michaels, “most Indians today pay lip service to the Veda and have no regard for the contents of the text.

Principal texts of Hinduism

Astronomical Dating of the Vedas, and the Mahabharata. Author: Deep1. A longish post, but it may well be worth your time. It questions many established archeological timeframes. It is also corroborated that Krishna was a principal figure in the war of the Mahabharata. Consider a passage from the epic below: Quote A white planet has passed Chitra Spica.

The Rig–Veda is the oldest, dating back to B.C.E., and is the most revered and important of the four. The Rig-Veda’s collection of inspired hymns and.

Dating to 6, BCE, the Vedas constitute the oldest scripture in the world. In Hindu belief, deities can take many forms, but all combine in the universal spirit of Brahman. Unlike Judaism, Christianity and Islam, which focus on the actions of a single lifetime, Hindu belief centers on a continuous process of birth and rebirth that ultimately releases the true self from the limitations of body and the ego — a freeing of the spirit called moksha.

That process includes a release from sensual experiences, including sexuality. Hindu sacred texts, however, do not distinguish between heterosexual and homosexual acts. While Hindu sacred texts do not specifically use those terms heterosexual and homosexual , they do distinguish between procreative sexual acts within marriage and non-procreative sexual acts such as oral, etc.

The latter are explicitly discouraged not for the common man but for brahmanas and priests. The Vedas refer to a “third sex,” roughly defined as people for whom sex is not procreative, either through impotence or a lack of desire for the opposite sex.

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Email address:. Vedas carbon dating. They dare to the decline of the rig veda has given speed dating ado different results. Modern theory can date of hinduism and.

The Scientific Dating of the Rāmāyaṇa & the Vedas. Front Cover. Padmākara Vishṇu Vartaka. Veda Vidnyana Mandala, – Chronology, Hindu – pages.

No definite date can be ascribed to the composition of the Vedas, but the period of about — bce is acceptable to most scholars. The hymns formed a liturgical body that in part grew up around the soma ritual and sacrifice and were recited or chanted during rituals. They praised a wide pantheon of gods, some of whom personified natural and cosmic phenomena, such as fire Agni , the Sun Surya and Savitri , dawn Ushas, a goddess , storms the Rudras , and rain Indra , while others represented abstract qualities such as friendship Mitra , moral authority Varuna , kingship Indra , and speech Vach, a goddess.

Sacred formulas known as mantras were recited by the adhvaryu , the priest responsible for the sacrificial fire and for carrying out the ceremony. A few centuries later, perhaps about bce , the Brahmana s were composed as glosses on the Vedas, containing many myths and explanations of rituals. The whole of the literature seems to have been preserved orally although there may have been early manuscripts to assist memory.

To this day, several of these works, notably the three oldest Vedas, are recited with subtleties of intonation and rhythm that have been handed down orally from the early days of Vedic religion in India. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback.

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Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users. There is a serious problem with the entire sections on Wikipedia on Hinduism or Indian History. Let me just focus on Hinduism for now. The Vedas are arguably the oldest surviving scriptures that are still used.

Vedas. The basic texts of Hinduism are four collections of hymns. The first for the oral traditions that include myths and legends dating from the s B.C.E. to.

The Vedas are considered the most sacred and treasured texts of India. The Vedas are a collection of hymns that were received by the ancient rishis sages as shruti, divine revelation. As hymns and mantras, these works were actively recited out loud to both praise and invoke the powers of the spiritual realms, and had been verbally passed on for many generations before written down on delicate palm leaves.

These Vedic mantras were utilized in yagas and yajnas ritual sacrifices and ceremonies for promoting the well being of individuals, society and the world. The Rig — Veda is the oldest, dating back to B. In the Rig-Veda we learn the now famous Gayatri mantra, which is still used today for its potent spiritual qualities.

We also find the first use and definition of the word yoga. These verses provide the foundation and material for the remaining Vedas.

The problem of using Astronomy in dating the Vedas, Ramayana, Mahabharata

The Vedas are a collection of religious texts that form the foundation of Hindu theology. The Hindu belief that the cosmos is eternal; was not created and will always exist, also applies to the Hindu view of the Vedas. The Vedas is integrated into the life of Hindus, though many Hindus have never read it. Vedic mantras are recited at Hindu prayers, religious functions and other auspicious occasions

Date (kharjura) has not been mentioned in the Rig-Veda and has been mentioned in the Yajur-Veda. Willow and akva grass, the plants of watery.

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. Hinduism Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for followers of the Hindu religion and those interested in learning more about Hinduism. It only takes a minute to sign up. How are dates assigned to Vedas and Scriptures according by historians? Do they really indicates the date of origin. Stephan Hillyer Levitt’s paper The Dating of the Indian Tradition provides a good summary of how different historians and indologists have attempted to date the Vedas and the Vedic period.

Therefore, these were dated from to B. Before the compilation of these collections, which were already regarded as sacred sacrificial poetry and authorized prayer books, there must have been a period at which hymns themselves arose as popular or religious poems.

Dating the Vedas


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